is the science of life. It aims at treating the person. The aim is
to restore vital inner forces so that causes of disease are removed.
As per Ayurveda, human being are supposed to be created and composed
of fine basic substances, space, air, fire , water and earth, three
humors (Tridosha) and seven basic tissues (Sapthadhatus).
The three humors are
In order to maintain
good health in the individual, three basic substances need to be in
Basic Tissues (Sapthadhatus)
as food is taken it is digested and sara (nutrient) and mala
(excreta) are produced. Sara consists of seven tissues
(sapthadhatus). They are (i) Rasa (Plasma) (2) Rakta (blood) (3)
Mamsa (Muscle tissues) (4) Medas (Adipose tissue) (5) Asthi (Bones)
(6) Majja (Bone Marrow) (7) Shukra (Semen).
doshas, dhatus and malas are building blocks. The vata regulates
kapha, pitta and seven dhatus. The vata is also responsible for
regulation of malas. Vata also separates the waste in the intestine.
This is responsible for expiration, inspiration and bodily
Physical properties of vata
regulates the normal circulation of blood. The main functions are
to give motion to the body and conduction of impulses from sensory
organs and separation of rasa (nutrient) kitta (excreta) from the
food, the secretion and evaluation of urine and semen.
Types and Site of Vata
Vata is of five types
Pran vayu is located
in the head, nose tongue and chest. Its most important function is
to control the mind and respiratory acativity, as both are
intimately related. Udana vayu is siutated in umbilical region,
chest and neck and is responsible for vocal functions. Samana vayu
is situated in the stomach. This is important for digestion of food
and separation of waste products. This is responsible for regulation
of body temperature, composition of body fluids and movement of
kapha and pitta. Vyana is mainly situated in heart and travels all
over the body, regulates circulation of blood and also the movement
of the body.
vaya is mainly situated in the intestine rectum and urinary bladder.
The main functions are secretion and evacuation of urine, semen and
regulation of menstrual flow.
biological acativities of the human body and also the endocrine
functions are due to the presence of pitta in the body. It is by
product of the blood.
Normal functions of Pitta.
gives colour to the blood, promotes digestion, vision and is
responsible for intellectual functions of the body. This is also
responsible for body heat, appetite, thirst, complexion,
intelligence and courage.
Site and types of Pitta
Five types of pitta are :
2) Ranjaka 3) Sadhaka 4)
Alocaka 5) Bhrajaka
The pacaka pitta is
situated in between the stomach and duodenum. In aaggravated state,
it produces burning sensation, increases appetite, thirst, insomnia
and is responsible for the yellowness of urine, face, eyes and skin.
rajaka pitta is situated in the liver and spleen. Its main function
is to impart colour to the plasma (rasa) for the formation of blood
in the liver and spleen.
pitta is situated in heart. This is responsisble for memory,
intelligence and enthusiasm. It controls higher mental activities.
pitta is situated in the eyes. Its main function is to catch the
image of the external objects.
pitta is situated in the skin over the entire body. Its main
function is to give colour to the skin and to maintain body
kapha is a stable and concrete substance predominantly composed of
water. It is responsible for the formation of structures in the
Physical characteristics of kapha
white in colour, heavy, viscous, slimy, sweet in taste, soft to
touch, stable and sturdy in form.
Normal functions of Kapha
It binds various structures of the body and the joints.
It promotes unctuousness.
It is responsible for stability, sturdiness and physical strenth.
It promotes healing, tissue-building and body resistence.
It imparts forbearance, fortitude and intelligence.
Sites and Types of Kapha
There are five types of kapha and are
Its site is stomach,
function being to moisten the food material, breaking it up and
aiding digestion in the stomach;
Its site is in
sacroiliac joint (trika) and heart. This support the trika and
nourish, lubricate and protect the heart.
This is situated in
the root of the tongue and pharynx. This is for perception of taste.
This is situated in
head. This helps functioning of sense organs, brain and sensory
This is located in
the joints of the body. This lubricates, protects and keeps the
joints firm and united.
Diagnosis and treatment
diagnosis is based on detailed facts pertaining to the individuals
habits, diet, constitution, profession, psychic features etc. The
instructions and medicines are given based on above details and
examination of pulses by the Ayurveda expert. The medicines
recommended are for giving balance to the system. Once the human
system returns to normalcy, the diseases start disappearing on its